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David Dalle
Thursday September 29th, 2022 with David Dalle
Ukrainian symphonic cycle. The symphonies of Boris Lyatoshynsky. A farewell to Pharoah Sanders.

Today we continue with the symphonies of Ukrainian composer Boris Lyatoshynsky. I wrote a brief description of his life and career in the first program, where you can also listen to his 1st symphony: And his 2nd symphony here: Today we will listen to his 3rd symphony. This symphony from 1951 proved to be his most beloved work, particularly with his fellow Ukrainians. It premiered in 1951 in Kyiv and was rapturously received. Soviet authorities thought differently, however, and Lyatoshynksy was severely censored and was told to modify the finale, which he had subtitled "Peace will conquer war". They particularly didn't like this sentiment, and he was accused of being a "bourgeois pacifist". Lyatoshynksy did modify the finale in 1954, removed the subtitle, and then it received a successful Moscow premiere. The symphony is in four movements and makes much use of a Ukrainian folk melody, which is introduced as the 2nd theme in the opening movement. The first three movements are full of titanic struggle and violence with occasional moments of delicate beauty. The final movement in the 1955 revised version has an optimistic ending, whereas the original version ended in tragedy. Some commentators prefer the original version, but, at this time, with Ukraine fighting for its very existence, I find the revised version with the hopeful ending, after the immense struggle proceeding it, is the most fitting.
Symphony No. 3 in b minor Op. 50
Boris Lyatoshynsky/National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Theodore Kuchar - Symphonies Nos. 2 and 3 - Naxos
Saying farewell to that giant of spiritual saxophone, Pharoah Sanders died this past Saturday aged 80. The first album by Pharoah Sanders I heard was the 1994 album "The Trance of Seven Colors". Pharoah Sanders had travelled with Bill Laswell to Morocco with minimal recording equipment, and recorded Pharoah Sanders playing with Gnawa master Mahmoud Ghania in his home in the small town of Essaouira on the Atlantic Coast of Morocco. This album was a thrilling masterpiece, and also my introduction to the irresistible rhythm and spirit of Gnawa music. His tenor sax with his intense overblowing technique mixed perfectly with the guembri and drums. It was no surprise that Pharoah Sanders playing mixed so well with this Sufi music, since playing with John Coltrane in the latter's final years, Sanders was focused on spirituality in his music. The recently rediscovered 1965 live recording of Coltrane's "A Love Supreme" in Seattle with Pharoah Sanders, to me, is Sufi music. We will hear a selection from "Trance of the Seven Colors" and a few other recordings with Pharoah Sanders.
La Allah Dayim Moulenah
Maleem Mahmoud Ghania with Pharoah Sanders - The Trance of Seven Colors - Axiom
Bala Moussaka
Maleem Mahmoud Ghania with Pharoah Sanders - The Trance of Seven Colors - Axiom
The following track features double-reeded ghaitas, which are a perfect match for Sanders' sax. Interestingly though, the ghaita is not normally part of Gnawa music. I wonder if Mahmoud Ghania sought out some ghaita players specifically for this recording with Pharoah Sanders.
Maleem Mahmoud Ghania with Pharoah Sanders - The Trance of Seven Colors - Axiom
Pharoah Sanders played this beautiful saxophone solo for guitarist Sonny Sharrock, who had recorded with Sanders on his seminal 1966 album "Tauhid" (Sanders 2nd album and his first on Impulse!). Sharrock had just died suddenly a month before. Sonny Sharrock was on the verge of signing his first major record deal with Impulse! A tremendous loss.
Peace in Essaouira (for Sonny Sharrock)
Maleem Mahmoud Ghania with Pharoah Sanders - The Trance of Seven Colors - Axiom
Boulandi Samawi
Maleem Mahmoud Ghania with Pharoah Sanders - The Trance of Seven Colors - Axiom
Pianist Randy Weston, with his deep interest and connection to African music (he had also recorded with Gnawa musicians in Marrakech in 1992), was a natural collaborator for Pharoah Sanders. This is from their 2nd album together, recorded in 1988.
Randy Weston with Pharoah Sanders - Khepera - Polygram
Anu Anu
Randy Weston with Pharoah Sanders - Khepera - Polygram
The mystical finale to "A Love Supreme", from the recently rediscovered 1965 live recording in Seattle which featured Pharoah Sanders, who had recently joined Coltrane's group. This was one of only three known live performances of "A Love Supreme" and the only one featuring Pharoah Sanders. Though he only performed with Coltrane for two years before Coltrane's death in 1967, Sanders made a number of recordings with him and the young sax player influenced Coltrane almost as much as Coltrane influenced him. You can listen to the entire Seattle "A Love Supreme" here:
A Love Supreme, Pt. IV Psalm
John Coltrane, McCoy Tyner, Jimmy Garrison, Elvin Jones, Pharoah Sanders, Carlos Ward, Donald Rafael Garrett - A Love Supreme: Live in Seattle - Impulse!
Interactive CKCU
Many thanks Dave 🤗

1:05 PM, September 29th, 2022
Great episode! Thanks for all the great music

4:08 PM, September 29th, 2022